The verb “hold” in English is a commonly used irregular verb. If you are unsure of the meaning, you can check out the definitions here. Below is a chart showing how the conjugation:
Present tense: I/They/You/We hold He/She/It holds
Past tense: held
Past participle: held
Here are a few examples of “hold” in sentences:
The happy couple walked down the street holding hands.
Before the accident, he was driving carelessly, with one hand holding the steering wheel, while the other held his phone.
The cat likes to be petted, but he doesn’t like to be held. (passive voice example)
When you hold the baby, make sure to support his head.
We also use “hold” in another less literal sense where it is similar to “keep.” In traditional wedding vows, the bride and groom each repeat the phrases: “to have and to hold from this day forward.”
Hold is often used when speaking on the phone. We put people “on hold” while we talk to someone else on a different phone line. Example: “I have another call coming in. I have to take it. Can I put you on hold for a minute?”
Sometimes if you are expecting a call from someone important, an assistant will call you first and ask if you can “hold” for the person. The assistant is asking you to wait patiently for the person to come to the phone.
There are several phrasal verbs used with hold. Today we’ll examine: hold on, hold up, hold off, hold out, hold back, hold in and hold over. For the native speaker, there are clear distinctions, but it might be hard to grasp the differences for non-native speakers.
(Quick review: A phrasal verb is a verb with an added element — usually a preposition or adverb — which changes or modifies the meaning of that verb.)
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